Nitromethane Fuel - CH3NO2
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS)
Chemical Name: Nitromethane
Trade Name: Sunoco Nitromethane
Chemical Family: Nitroparaffin
%by wt. > 98.0
CAS Reg. No.
specific gravity: 25/25ºc
vapor pressure: mm hg at 20ºc
139 n-butyl acetate=100
SOLUBILITY IN WATER: at 20ºC
10.5% by wt.
APPEARANCE AND ODOR:
clear liquid, mild characteristic odor.
FIRE AND EXPOLOSION HAZARD DATA
FLASH POINT: 96ºF TCC
UEL: % no data
Water spray, foam, CO2, and only Triclass type ABC dry chemical extinguishers.
SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES:
Wet down tanks and containers to prevent rupture. Avoid breathing vapors.
UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS:
Can detonate by adiabatic compression.
Dry alkali or amine salts are explosive.
CONDITIONS TO AVOID:
Shock under heavy confinement.
Do not trap between closed valves or use positive displacement pumps to discharge nitromethane.
INCOMPATIBILITY (MATERIALS TO AVOID):
Lead, copper or their alloys; amines, strong alkalis, strong acids.
HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS
Oxides of carbon and nitrogen.
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION WILL NOT OCCUR.
SPILL OR LEAK PROCEDURES
STEPS TO BE TAKEN IN CASE MATERIAL IS RELEASED OR SPILLED
Evacuate area and remove potential sources of spark or flame.
Properly protected personnel may then attempt to contain large spills and pump to salvage.
Absorb unrecoverable spills with an inert solid such as sand or earth.
Flush area with water.
Incinerate, or bury in an approved sanitary landfill.
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
THRESHOLD LIMIT VALUE
(PERMISSABLE EXPOSURE LIMIT):
100 ppm (TLV and PEL)
EFFECTS OF OVEREXPOSURE
Prolonged exposure can lead to mild irritation due to "defatting".
Only slightly toxic by ingestion.
Headache, nausea, vomiting, narcosis.
Extremely Irritating to eyes, burning sensation when close to a running Nitro Engine!
Warning: Chronic overexposure may cause liver and kidney damage.
Nonirritating method: Flush eyes with water for 15 minutes.
Wash exposed skin with soap and water.
Launder clothing wet with NM before reuse.
Remove to fresh air.
Call a physician, who may check for increased methemoglobin content.
Induce vomiting by giving victim 2 glasses of water and having him place a finger down the throat.
General ventilation with local exhaust in areas of high vapor concentration.
Air-supplied respiration or self-contained breathing apparatus.
Do not use canister type face masks.
Rubber gloves and aprons.
OTHER SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN HANDLING AND STORAGE:
Keep away from heat and flame. Keep container closed. Store only in original container. Protect from energy impacts.
SPECIAL COMMENTS: Use only with adequate ventilation.